14 June 2013

Today is the Day of the donor

World Blood Donor Day

RIA NewsWorld Blood Donor Day is celebrated on June 14.

On this day 145 years ago, the Austrian physician and immunologist Karl Landsteiner was born, who received the Nobel Prize in Physiology and Medicine in 1930 for the discovery of human blood groups.

The range of events of the World Blood Donor Day is expanding annually. The holding of events on this day is supported by heads of state, members of royal families and celebrities, various actions aimed at young people are held.

Every year, a country is chosen to organize a global event, which is the focus of an international propaganda campaign. France became the organizer of the World Blood Donor Day 2013. The global event will be held in Paris.

In 2013, WHO calls on all countries to share the stories of people whose lives were saved thanks to blood donation.

Every year, transfusion of blood and blood products can save millions of human lives, increase the duration and improve the quality of life of patients suffering from life-threatening health disorders.

Blood transfusion is necessary for women with pregnancy complications, children with severe anemia, people who have suffered serious injuries as a result of accidents, patients undergoing surgical operations, cancer patients.

Blood is necessary for regular transfusions to people suffering from thalassemia, as well as for the preparation of blood clotting factors for people with hemophilia.

There is a constant need for regular blood supplies, as it can only be stored for a limited period of time. In order for safe blood to be available at all times and wherever it is needed, a sufficient number of healthy people should donate their blood regularly.

In many countries, the demand for blood exceeds the supply, and blood services face the problem of forming blood stocks while ensuring its quality and safety.

About 92 million blood donations are collected annually in the world, almost half of them are in high-income countries.

To date, only in 62 countries the national blood reserves are almost 100% provided thanks to voluntary gratuitous blood donations, among them – the USA, Great Britain, Germany, Switzerland, Spain, France.

40 countries depend on family and paid donors.

The shortage of donated blood is a serious problem for Russia.

From 1998 to 2007, the number of donors in the country decreased from 4 million to 1.8 million people.

A large-scale program to modernize the Blood Service has been launched since 2007.

During this time, an active donor movement has appeared in Russia – with regular donors, volunteers, and communication channels. The "All-Russian Blood Service Forum", "Donors' Saturday", "Donor Coming of Age Day", "Auto-Motodonor", "Thank you, Donor", the All-Russian competition "Muzarteria" are held.
 Non-profit organizations were actively involved in donation, business participation made donation a new direction of corporate volunteering, 44 regions created Public Donation Councils and in 2011 held their first All-Russian Congress.

16 subjects of the Russian Federation, as well as nine federal state institutions, are participating in the 2013 Blood Service Modernization Program.

On July 21, 2012, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed the Federal Law "On Blood Donation and its Components". This law adopted the general trend of the World Health Organization, according to which donation should become gratuitous by 2020 worldwide. Also, one of the main innovations of the law is the creation of a single database of blood and people who donate it.

According to the government decree, the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation will coordinate the work of the blood service and adopt legal acts on donation.

On May 17, 2013, the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation prepared an order that officially assigned donors the right to choose the type of compensation in the form of food or money.

Now the total number of donors in Russia averages about one million 700 thousand people.

About two million liters of whole blood are harvested annually, of which about 80% is plasma and about 20% is harvested in the form of certain blood components. The average number of donors per thousand inhabitants ranges from 22 to 23 people (with a desirable 23-25).

Portal "Eternal youth" http://vechnayamolodost.ru14.06.2013

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